The Basics of Trout Fishing

trout fishing

Trout fishing is a recreational pastime which is never boring or disappointing. Once on the hook the fish will fight up to the end. All species of Salmonidae family are known for their fierce fighting character thus they are highly appreciated as sport fish. The fishing experience trout bring is really exhilarating. The meat fetched from the trout is very delicious and is beneficial for health since it contains high levels of Omega 3 fatty acids.

There exist various trout angling techniques and tactics developed by anglers through centuries. These have been constantly developing on a par with innovative technologies used for lures, reels and rods manufacture. If you would like to know how to fish for trout wisely and hence successfully, don’t hesitate to read this article up to the end. Below we are going to dwell upon trout identification, fishing techniques and tactics as well as appropriate tackles (lures, baits, reels and rods).

Trout General Information

Trout is a general name for a number of freshwater species belonging to the Salmonidae family and thus sharing many common features. There exist three main types of Salmo trutta, which are:

Cutthroat Trout fishing

  • the brown or river trout (these are small dark colored fish which do not migrate);
  • the lake trout (these are larger, paler and sometimes migratory);
  • the silvery sea trout (the are big, migratory and are often confused with salmon).

All of the trout species are very sensitive to pollution and any kind of environmental disruption hence they are often used by scientists as indicators of the lakes and streams purity.

Trout have streamlined elongated bodies and feature a distinctive adipose fin growing between dorsal and tail fins. The species can be easily told by their large mouth and speckled, striped or blotched coloration which depends upon the species. Similarly to other Salmonidae, trout have bright white bellies. When the trout are young they are often confused with salmon as both don’t have vivid distinctive traits at this phase of their life cycle. Experienced anglers recommend counting the number of rays in the anal fin of the fish in order to tell a salmon from a trout. Trout feature 12 or fewer rays.

Trout fishing resorts are always congregated at clean pristine streams, since trout require the cleanest water bodies with high oxygenation. The areas disturbed by humans make trout suffer and leave. There exist a lot of trout farms in the word, which help to take the stress off the wildlife fish. Sometimes these farm release fish into the wild to replenish populations for sport and ecological purposes.

Trout Fishing Techniques

steelhead trout

Selecting right tactics and thus appropriate equipment is a keystone of any successful angling. Choosing trout lures, baits and reels can turn into a challenging task, since fishing shops nowadays can offer a great choice of these. Let’s dwell upon the most trusted trout rigs first. Before describing the rigs themselves, let’s point out the most frequent mistakes fishermen do when catching trout. First of all, many amateur anglers mistakenly take heavy lines. Professionals would not recommend using fishing lines which weight exceeds 6-7 pounds. Of course, if you are going to fish for a huge trout for meat, you may take a heavier line. Now let’s go down to the rigs themselves:

  • The Gang Hook Rig. This kind of rig implies using live worms as a bait (trout’s favorite, by the way). This is a trusted method which is often used in the flowing currents of a river or stream. Actually, it is a quite easy rig to set up. To make it you need to have a swivel, pre-tied gang hooks, live worms and several split shot sinkers. In case you got too long worms (night crawlers, for example), pinch them in two (don’t leave too much of the worm hanging from the hook).Lake Trout
  • The Fly and Casting Bubble rig is the best option for those who like to fish for trout in lakes. To make up such a rig you will need a casting bubble, a tapered leader, artificial fly and a swivel. Although both kinds of flies can be used (dry and wet), the former is proven to be more effective (when the fly is floating on top of the water). This fishing technique is the most effective for still waters.
  • The Nymph Rig. For this you will need to have a swivel, some shot sinkers, a tapered leader and an artificial nymph at hand. It is used mostly in flowing waters. When making this rig it is important to attach shot sinkers correctly in order to add weight for entire rig (the sinkers are added above the swivel). This is needed for the rig to bounce along the bottom being carried with the river current. This trout rig is rather effective when angling for a large fish.

Trout Lures

Besides water temperature, spot, fishing season, amount of light and the current speed selecting right fishing lures is also a very important angling factor. Below we are going to point out the most effective lures used in trout fishing:

fishing fly for salmon and trout

  1. Spinners are one of the best for still water fishing. They can look like aquatic insects or resemble minnows. Spinners come in different sizes, hence when choosing one take into account the power of the water flow.
  2. Jerk baits look like small fish (minnows, for instance). These can be both sinking or floating. Sinking models are more beneficial, since they can reach places where trout like to hide. These plugs can be found in different sizes, too.
  3. Flies imitate insects fish like to eat. The most popular among these are streamers, wooly buggers and nymphs. As a rule, flies are used with fly rods.
  4. Jigs are ideal for fishing in lakes and other deep water bodies. They have a metallic body attached to the special hooks and may also feature colorful tails and feathers.

The prices for fishing tackles can be too high to afford various kinds of shticks. However, you may always produce your own lure at home. Homemade lures will not only save your money but may also increase your chances to catch a big game. Don’t hesitate to embody your own design experimenting with materials and colors which are not available in ready-made models.